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CULTIVATION OF OLIVES

While strolling around Goudi, one can’t help but notice the presence of several olive trees. The cultivation of olive trees constitutes one of the main occupations for the residents of the village. Presented below are some of the tasks the olive cultivators need to perform.

Taking care of the ground and pest control
One of the basic tasks olive cultivators have to perform is to take care of the ground. In particular, they cultivate the land so that this becomes free of anything that can negatively influence its fertility, for example pests. Moreover, they fertilize the olive groves to enrich the cultivated land with the necessary nutritious ingredients.  

Also, olive cultivators fight the “enemies” and the diseases of olive trees. One of olive trees’ biggest “enemy” is the olive fly, an insect which destroys the olives and which is controlled by spraying at the right time period.   

Irrigation
Proper irrigation is necessary for the fructification of olive trees. Olive cultivators are well aware that olive trees are in need of a lot of water in autumn, otherwise the olives shrink and the quality of the olive-oil is degraded.

Pruning
Pruning the olive trees constitutes one of the most important stages of olive cultivation. Cultivators prune the olive trees both to increase their fructification and to make it easier for them to collect the olives. 

Collectingtheolives
The collection of the olives that are going to be used for the production of olive oil is done by using the method of caning. In particular, the villagers use a wooden stick to hit the tree in order to make the olives fall to the ground. Next, the olives are placed either in sacks or in plastic or wooden boxes and then transferred to the olive-oil presser. What is worth mentioning is that two mills are in operation in the village.

 

Source:
Study retrieved from  www.moa.gov.cy  entitled “The Cultivation of the Olive Tree”, edition  2/2005, Nicosia – Cyprus